Coca-Cola ‘trying to manipulate public’ on sugar-obesity link

Coca-Cola has spent millions of pounds funding research institutes and scientists who cast doubt on the link between sugary drinks and obesity.


The drinks firm is said to have links to more than a dozen British scientists, including government health advisers, who counter claims that its drinks contribute to obesity.

The revelation of Coca-Cola’s scientific funding comes weeks after the government rejected a tax on sugar sweetened drinks, despite support from Chief Medical Officer Dame Sally Davies, the British Medical Association and TV chef Jamie Oliver.

An investigation by The Times published on Friday revealed the full scale of Coca-Cola’s funding of scientists.

According to the investigation, Coca-Cola spent £4.86 million setting up the European Hydration Institute (EHI), a seemingly independent research foundation which has recommended sport and soft drinks of the sort the company sells to the public, including children.

The newspaper claimed that Ron Maughan, chairman of the EHI’s scientific advisory board, is an emeritus professor from a university which received almost £1 million from Coca-Cola while he provided nutritional advice to leading sports bodies.

Maughan has advised UK Athletics and the Football Association and has also been a consultant for Coca-Cola and other drinks companies since the 1990s, according to The Times.

Coca-Cola is said to have provided support, sponsorship or research funding to a variety of British organizations including UKActive, the British Nutrition Foundation, the University of Hull, Homerton University Hospital, the National Obesity Forum, the British Dietetic Association, Obesity Week 2013 and the UK Association for the Study of Obesity.

Through its trade organizations, Coca-Cola representatives have met government officials and ministers more than 100 times between 2011 and 2014, according to The Times. Coca-Cola is also said to host a parliamentary dinner.

Faculty of Public Health board member Simon Capewell accused Coca-Cola of trying to shape public opinion.

Coca-Cola is trying to manipulate not just public opinion but policy and political decisions. Its tactics echo those used by the tobacco and alcohol industries, which have also tried to influence the scientific process by funding apparently independent groups. It’s a conflict of interest that flies in the face of good practice,” he said.

New York-based nutrition researcher Marion Nestle warned scientists should not take money from Coca-Cola.

In my opinion, no scientist should accept funding from Coca-Cola. It’s totally compromising. Period. End of discussion,” said Nestle, a professor of nutrition, food studies and public health.

Coca-Cola of Great Britain said: “We rely on scientific research to make decisions about our products and ingredients and commission independent third parties to carry out this work.”

Professor Maughan recognized “the need for caution” over industry funding but said that much good research would not otherwise have taken place. Loughborough said its research studies were subject to a strict code of conduct.

Foods To Avoid #2

#2 – Fruit Juice  
The fruit juice we buy in stores sometimes may not be entirely or completely made from fruit juice. UNFORTUNATELY… IT CAN GET A LOT WORSE when we consider just what the fruit juices we buy may contain. It may be a mix of substances that taste like fruit but not actually fruit.
  

CAN YOU BELIEVE THIS? IT’S HAPPENING and many people are falling victim to this marketing phenomenon. It can seem convenient to simply walk into a grocery store and buy a container of fruit juice. However, WHAT ARE WE ACTUALLY BUYING? Are we simply buying into the potential lie that the fruit juice we buy is good for us?

  
Pure fruit juice is the healthier option and with this option, there is still the need to watch consumption levels because natural fruit juice can still contain significant levels of sugar. Such sugar content can have an impact on diseases like diabetes as research shows [2]. Research studies also reveal that sugar can also have an impact in affecting other medical conditions including cardiometabolic risk factors [3].
By focusing on the juice of the fruit alone, we also eliminate the fiber and other benefits we get from eating the whole fruit and not only extracting the juice.
I suggest while trying to reduce body fat – eliminate fruit juice from your nutrition plan. 
When re-introducing juice make sure it’s natural and complete then add the same volume of water to reduce sugar content by half. 
Enjoy
Jax 

Healthy Dips

By Cara Rosenbloom, RD
Posted: September 2013

A tasty dip is great way to make the veggies go down. Here’s how to choose dips that add nutrition – not just fat and salt.
Cara Rosenbloom, RD

A tasty dip can make the veggies go down. But it’s important to choose one that adds healthy nutrition, not just fat and salt.
The research is in: Kids really will eat more vegetables if they are paired with dip.
In one study, researchers gave plain vegetables, as well as veggies with different dips, to preschool children. The children were three times more likely to reject the vegetable alone, compared with the vegetable-dip combo. In a different study, children who were sensitive to the bitter taste of vegetables ate 80 per cent more broccoli when it was paired with a dip or dressing. I haven’t found a similar study on adult palates, but the concept is certainly worth a try!
However, some dips are high in fat and salt, and add little nutritional value to meals and snacks. There are better options!
Healthiest store-bought choices
Whether you are buying a container of dip or a bottled dressing, it’s important to read the ingredient list and the Nutrition Facts panel to look for options that are low in saturated fat, sodium and sugar, but high in fibre, protein, vitamins and minerals.
For example, hummus is a source of fibre from chickpeas; nut-based dips such as peanut butter (yes it tastes great with celery or green pepper) contain heart-healthy magnesium; and dips made from yogurt contain calcium and protein.
On the other hand, ranch dip or dressing offers only fat and sodium, while mustard contains sodium and nothing else.
Pick a dip that lists one of these healthy options as the first ingredient:
Chick peas

White, black or pinto beans

Yogurt or Greek yogurt

Fresh produce: tomato, avocado, spinach, roasted red peppers, pumpkin, etc.

Cottage or light ricotta cheese

Edamame, tofu or soynuts

Nuts or seeds (such as almond or sunflower seed butter)

If the first ingredient is sour cream, cream cheese or mayonnaise, keep shopping. These dips will be high in fat, but lower in protein and other valuable nutrients. If your recipe calls for these ingredients, try using low-fat Greek yogurt instead. It’s thick, creamy and plain-tasting, so it marries nicely with dip-friendly flavours such as dill, garlic, chili flakes, pepper and cumin.
Some dips are high in sodium, so a little goes a long way. If you are a big dipper, choose options with less sodium. Here’s how some popular dips compare in terms of sodium content.
Dip (2 tbsp)

Sodium (mg)

Processed cheese sauce

541

Yellow mustard

330

Low-fat ranch dressing

290

Ketchup

280

Cream cheese onion dip

260

Original ranch dressing

260

Spinach dip

190

Salsa

190

Hummus

130

Nut/seed butter (salt added)

120

Guacamole

85

Yogurt tzatziki

55

Nut/seed butter (no salt added)

0

You can see that the whole food-based dips near the bottom have the least amount of sodium. They also have more protein, vitamins, minerals and healthy fat! It’s win-win.
Make your own
I like to experiment with my own dip recipes, as does Heart and Stroke Foundation recipe developer Emily Richards. Try her delicious Navy bean hummus and Greek yogurt ranch dip.
My kids love dipping carrots and peppers into pureed chickpeas with cumin and lemon juice (it’s like hummus without the garlic), or almond butter blended with Greek yogurt and a touch of cinnamon. I love watching them eat their vegetables – and knowing the dip is giving them a little extra nutrition in every bite. 

This article comes from the heart and stroke foundation Canada. A great resource. 

Jax 

Fructose, Sugar and Your Health…..

This one’s for Sarah R…..

This will answer some of your questions raised from my last post on Facebook about what to drink…..

Even though most people understand that sweetened drinks are “bad for them”, I think it’s a disconnect between not fully understanding what fructose does to the cells of your body that makes people not take it more seriously. If they really understood that they were swallowing poison when they drink a soda or a high-fructose corn syrup sweetened fruit drink, I think most people wouldn’t choose to drink that. Or is it really THAT addictive?

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Fructose from sweetened drinks (and other ingredients) affects affects your brain, kidneys, digestive system, your weight, hormones, your heart, and more…

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Is fructose harming your heart, brain, hormones and liver? (plus the worst sources, and the “not so bad”)

Keep in mind that honey is a source of fructose that should be used with caution, you also need to realize that quantity matters… if you’re only having a teaspoon a day of honey in your tea, this is NOT something to be concerned about as we’re talking about no more than 5 grams of sugar from honey in that case. On the other hand, a soda or sweetened fruit drink usually has 40-50 grams of sugar or more (and a large amount of that in fructose form), so you can see in these examples that honey is NOT usually an issue unless you were taking it in very large doses for reason, and is not even comparable to the sugar and fructose load that you get with sweetened drinks. Plus, in the smaller doses that are typical of a small spoon of honey in your tea, the honey does indeed have some valuable micronutrients, whereas the fructose in corn syrup has ZERO benefits.

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Also, many people have asked “how much fruit is too much?” because fruit does contain fructose. Again, the fructose in fruit is generally not nearly as much of a concern as sweetened drinks or other junk foods that contain corn syrup, because the quantity is relatively low and you also get valuable micronutrients from fruit. As a generalization, most people do best to limit fruit to 1-2 servings a day to keep the total sugar intake from fruit to around 20-40 grams per day total, but combined with the natural fiber that’s in fruit, which again, makes fruit more beneficial than sweetened drinks or junk foods sweetened with corn syrup and other sweeteners.

Eat clean. Train smart. Feel great

Jax

Is Sugar Your Enemy?

Sugar Facts
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Sugar is empty calories and a poison for your health, vitality, longevity and fat loss. When you consume sugar, glucose levels rise. Your body tries to balance your glucose so your insulin levels go up. Shortly after, glucose levels plummet and crash causing low blood sugar, which triggers intense and increased cravings for more sugar. If you give in to your craving your glucose levels rise back up. This vicious cycle continues. The end result is low energy, moodiness, fatigue, hormonal imbalances, weight gain, insulin resistance and an increased risk of diabetes.
Sugar stimulates pleasure centers in the brain. Cravings provide insight into your unique metabolism and are a sign of imbalances often in conjunction to specific nutrient deficiencies and neurotransmitter imbalances.
If you find yourself craving sugar, it’s important to determine the root cause and understand why you crave sugar to break the cycle of addiction.

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Reasons for sugar cravings:
• You’re not properly nourished with a balance of nutrient-rich food.
• Candida, intestinal yeast and parasites.
• Hormone fluctuations and imbalances.
• Neurotransmitter imbalances.
• Insufficient sleep.
• Dehydration.
• Insulin resistance, blood sugar fluctuations and imbalances.
• Unmanaged stress and adrenal dysfunction. High or low cortisol, or a problem with the cortisol rhythm.
• Nutrient deficiencies.
• Digestive problems, bacterial imbalances and hypochlorhydria.
• Recovering alcoholic. Former alcoholics often replace alcohol with sweets and sugary beverages without realizing that sugar disrupts nutrient balance and intestinal flora, promoting Candida and other fungi. Under certain conditions these pathogenic yeasts actually convert sugars in the gut to alcohol. Walk into any AA meeting and you’ll find a spread of candy, cakes and cookies. Some recovering alcoholics will even convert the sugar to alcohol metabolically and maintain their alcohol addiction in this way. There are well-documented cases of inebriation caused by sugar consumption and Candida overgrowth in persons who abstain from alcohol.

The body is a wonderful thing!

Eat Clean. Train Smart. Expect Results

Jax

10 Foods to Avoid to Lose Fat

So you think you are really eating healthily?

Clients tell me all the time that they are already eating ‘healthy’…but when we look at their eating choices I can point out some not so obvious foods they should exclude.

Think about this…… if you think ‘breakfast cereal’ is a good idea then you really need to read this list and find out the other 9 you should avoid.

10 Foods you MUST avoid to Lose Belly Fat

To build a lean, curvy, sexy figure you need to make sure that around 90% of your diet consists of whole unprocessed foods –
basically avoid anything that comes out of a box most of the time – instead go for lean meats, veggies, eggs, fruits, etc.

If you are eating 5-6 meals each day (and MOST of you should be) and if you train hard that leaves room for about 4 junk/convenience meals each week.
Be sure your diet contains plenty of protein too!

When it comes to building your best body, maybe you’re not eating as healthy as you think.

Here are 10 foods you may think are good
for you, but in reality are not, and will be detrimental in your efforts to build the body you really want.

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1. Breakfast Cereals. Cereals are labeled low fat, healthy and recommended for weight loss. Cereals naturally don’t contain lots of fat. Most boxed breakfast cereals are extraordinarily high in sugar. Always check the label to see where sugar (or anything that ends in ‘ose’) is on the ingredient list. The closer it is to the top, the more sugar it contains.

If you’re serious about your health you’ll be cutting as much sugar as you can OUT.

CHALLENGE: don’t buy any food with sugar in the top 4 or 5 ingredients. (even yoghurt). Let me know how you get on!

2. Muesli/Granola Bars. Muesli bars contain some healthy ingredients
such as nuts and seeds but they’re glued together with things
like corn syrup, honey and just plain sugar, which raise your blood sugar and encourage fat storage. Some bars also contain chocolate chips, making
them not much better than a Mars Bar or Snickers! Basically they
are low in protein, high in fat and sugar – a fat loss disaster – you have to be careful with protein bars too.

FatlossTip: Homemade protein bars/cakes:

Mix 1 cup oats (dry) + 2 scoops vanilla protein powder + 1-1.5 cup water
+ vanilla, sweetener (ie Stevia), cinnamon + shredded carrots and raisins OR
-1 heaping cup of blueberries OR
-1 cup pumpkin

Then pour into a small casserole dish or baking ton and bake for around 45min at
180 C (350 F)

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3. Low Fat Yogurt. Fat free doesn’t mean healthy. Low fat yoghurts
usually contain a lot of sugar, approximately 7 teaspoons per 200g
container! Add a piece of fruit and your blood sugar (and insulin)
levels will skyrocket.

Fatloss Tip: choose plain unflavoured Greek yoghurt make it your own by adding fresh fruit, nuts and seeds.

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4. Fat Free Muffins Convenient and taste good, but nowhere near
as healthy as you think. Usually massive in size, they are high in
processed carbs, sugar and calories – a dieter’s nightmare! Avoid
like the plague!

5. Sandwiches purchased from cafes. Have you seen the size
of these things? Often enough to feed a small family, they also
often contain sugar laden dressings, little veggies and not enough
protein, and too much bread. Freshness is also questionable.

Fatloss Tip: don’t buy or eat bread!

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6. Fruit Juice. Even 100% fruit juice is high in sugar – it doesn’t
matter if it’s natural or not. Fresh fruit juice is not a fat loss favourite.
When you consider how many apples/oranges (or your choice of
fruit) is required to make a cup of juice you can probably understand
where I am headed with this one. Too many calories and an overload
of sugar will not do your physique any favours. Plus, when juiced
you don’t even get the benefit of the fibre.

Fatloss Tip: eat fresh or frozen fruit instead. If you’re serious about losing body fat you’ll limit fruit to 1 of your 9 a day – that means 8 veggies !

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7. Cheese and crackers. This is a popular dieter’s snack, but
are usually wheat based (many people have wheat intolerance
and should reduce the amount of wheat they consume) and are
highly processed. The combination of highly processed carbohydrates
(crackers) and fat (cheese) can be a dangerous one for fat loss.

Sue’s Tip: Brown rice cakes and cottage cheese are a much better
fat loss alternative And good evening snack before bed as the protein digests slowly overnight.

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8. Sport Drinks. These are supposed to help you replenish electrolytes
and carbohydrates. It’s actually just sugar water, with up to 40g of
sugar per serving. If you are looking for fat loss, the only time these
would be indicated is as a post weight training shake to assist with
recovery (provided you have trained your muscles intensely). And then,
you should add 30g whey protein.

Fatloss Tip: Drink plain water during your workout, and protein +
carbohydrates post workout

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9. Fast Food Salads. Contain sugar-laden salad dressings, preservatives
and generally loads of hidden fat.

Fatloss Tip: stick to a garden type tossed salad and add your own
dressing, or make your own salads.
You should add a green salad to every meal!

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10. Frozen Meals. Frozen fruits and vegetables are great for you,
so don’t get confused with this. I’m referring to the full TV dinner
type meal. They’re processed, high in sugar and carbs, usually low
in protein and have added sauces and lots of salt. Avoid if possible.

Fatloss Tip: cook your own – if time is an issue, have a ‘cook up’ day or
two each week and freeze your own home cooked meals ready to ‘grab
and go. I cook extra portions and freeze for future disorganised days.

Follow these 10 Rules and you WILL lose body fat!

Eat clean, Train Smart, Feel Great

Jax

Sugar – Your Biggest Enemy?

Study Shows Sugary Drinks Cause Inflammation

A placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial, carried out recently at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, showed that drinking low to moderate amounts of sugary drinks for just three weeks disrupted glucose and lipid metabolism and promoted inflammation in healthy young men, in ways that could lead to type 2 diabetes5.

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Fructose Leads to Abdominal Fat & Obesity

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Even more worrying is evidence that fructose, the main sugar in sweetened soft drinks, alters the way developing fat cells in children’s bodies behave, leading to insulin resistance and abdominal obesity, both of which can contribute to metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.

Eat Clean. Feel Great.

Jax